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Facts About Aruba | Aruba Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Aruba - Category: Introduction - Background: Discovered and claimed for Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in 1636. The island's economy has been dominated by three main industries. A 19th century gold rush was followed by prosperity brought on by the opening in 1924 of an oil refinery. The last decades of the 20th century saw a boom in the tourism industry. Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in 1990.

Category: Government - Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Category: People - Life expectancy at birth (years): total population: 75.06 years; male: 72.03 years; female: 78.14 years (2008 estimate)

Category: Economy - GDP - real growth rate (%): 2.4% (2005 estimate)

Category: Geography - Area (sq km): total: 193 sq km; land: 193 sq km; water: 0 sq km

Category: Transportation - Ports and terminals: Barcadera, Oranjestad, Sint Nicolaas

Category: Communications - Telephone system: general assessment: modern fully automatic telecommunications system; domestic: increased competition through privatization; 3 wireless service providers are now licensed; international: country code - 297; landing site for the PAN-AM submarine telecommunications cable system that extends from the US Virgin Islands through Aruba to Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and the west coast of South America; extensive interisland microwave radio relay links (2007)

Category: Military - Military branches: no regular military forces; the Netherlands maintains a detachment of marines, a frigate, and an amphibious combat detachment in the neighboring Netherlands Antilles (2009)

Category: Transnational Issues - Illicit drugs: transit point for US- and Europe-bound narcotics with some accompanying money-laundering activity; relatively high percentage of population consumes cocaine

Other random facts about Aruba 

  1. Government - Administrative divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

  2. People - Education expenditures (% of GDP): 4.8% of GDP (2005)

  3. Government - Executive branch: chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980); represented by Governor General Fredis REFUNJOL (since 11 May 2004); head of government: Prime Minister Nelson O. ODUBER (since 30 October 2001); cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten; elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for four-year terms; election last held in 2005 (next to be held by 2009); election results: Nelson O. ODUBER elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook